- Get plenty of sleep the night before donation
- Drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol 24 hours before donation. Half of an individual’s blood volume is made up of water. At least drink 2cups of water before donation.
- Eat healthy
- Increase iron intake, because iron is lost during blood donation and low iron levels can cause symptoms of fatigue. Foods rich in iron include meat, poultry, fish, organs, eggs, vegetables, cereals, beans, and fruits.
- Wear a shirt sleeves that can roll up above your elbows.
What to avoid before donation
- Alcohol and alcoholic beverages: They lead to dehydration. Try to avoid drinking alcohol 2hurs before giving blood.
- Fatty foods; foods high in fat such as ice cream and French fries can affect the tests that are run on the blood.
- Iron blockers: certain foods affect the body’s ability to absorb iron. E.g. coffee, tea, red wine, chocolate, milk, cheese, yogurt.
BLOOD DONATION IS A SIMPLE FOUR-STEP PROCESS.
- Mini-Physical and Interview.
- Whole Blood Donation
- Get refreshment immediately and rest till you have enough energy to leave
- Drink a lot of fluids for the next 1-2 days
- Avoid strenuous physical activity like weight lifting or pulling with the donation arm for 5 hours
- Eat balanced meal for the next 24 hours
- Do not smoke to drink alcohol
- Although rare, if you feel lightheaded, lie down till this feeling passes
- If bleeding occurs from the site of donation after removal of bandage, apply pressure then lift arm above head for 3-5 mins
- If you notice bruising under the skin at donation site, apply a cold pack periodically for the first 24 hours
- If you have any further questions, contact the blood bank in which you donated
Side effects of blood donation
After donation the donor may or may not have this side effects;
After donating blood do not immediately stand up.
Benefits of blood donation.
- Prevents Hemochromatosis
- Maintains Healthy Heart & Liver
- Anti-cancer Benefits
- Weight loss
- Stimulates Blood Cell Production